- April 25, 2017
- Posted by: Gilbert Odior
- Category: History and Culture of Avhianwu Clan"
Major Events in Avhianwu History– By Aha Idokpesi Okhaishe N’ Avhianwu
About 1481 Oba Ozolua (Ozoluwa) succeeded Olua.
Between 1481 and 1485 Anwu and family migrated from Benin
About 1485 A Portuguese Explorer, John Affonso d’Aveiro first came to Benin City and introduced guns and coconuts (uvi-Oba)
About 1504 Oba Ozoluwa died and was succeeded by Esigie.
About l515-1516 the ldah War.
About l570 Ivhianwu migrated from Afashio-uzairue (Second Migration).
About 1830 the Nupe Invasion
About 1886 Oghie Omiawa of Avhianwu introduced the system of each village giving 25 slaves to the Nupes every other year.
About 1888 the march against Osigbemhe of Aghiere (Weppa) by
Omiawa of Avhianwu called off as a result of the accidental death of an Uzairue mercenary.
About 1891 Oghie Omiawa of Avhianwu instigated a war between the Nupes and Aghiere (Weppa).
1897 January 4, the Benin Massacre.
1897 September 9, The British Force took Benin City.
1897 The Nupe withdrawal from Avhianwu.
1897 Yearly tribute to ‘Nupe stopped on British troop’s arrival.
1899 Royal Niger Company handed over the administration of Kukuruku to the British Government.
1900 Government School opened at Fugar.
1904 Native Court established at Fug ar.
1907 Osaki Ukaba – the witch killer liquor (prepared from sasswood) was taken in Avhianwu.
1907 Fugar Government Rest House built,
1908 January 14, Fugar Native Court House opened (having been built by Oghie Aduku “Gbagba’, the former Clan Head who was then in prison serving a jail term of 6 months for juju palaver).
1914 Government School removed from Fugar.
1914 Roman Catholic School opened at Fugar.
1914 Amalgamation of Northern and Southern Nigeria by Lord Frederick Laggard.
1914 The World War I begins.
1918 Kukuruku Division with its Headquarters at Fugar, created.
1918 Divisional headquarters removed from Ubiaja (Ishan) to Fugar.
1918 Administrative and Military headquarters removed from Iddo (Ukpilla) to Fugar.
1918 J.C. Walker, Esq.; First District Officer of Kukuruku Division died.
1918 The great epidemic of Influenza (Eghui Ochamhi).
1918 World War I ends.
1918 End of World War I was celebrated at Fugar by the whole of Kukuruku Division.
1919 Division of Kukuruku Division into 7 Districts.
1920 Headquarters of Kukuruku Division transferred from Fugar to Auchi under the then district Officer, C. M. Dunn, Esq.
1920 Direct Taxation introduced into Kukuruku Division.
1921 The Uniform Tax of 25k was first paid in Avhianwu.
1921 Fugar Youth Movement Association (FYMA) formed.
1925 D. H. Momoh of Auchi abolished Okhe title in Avhianwu came with a team of Mallams and destroyed all shrines and declared a general worship of Allah.
1926 December 26, the priest of Atsanughegbe was convicted.
1927 Native Court removed from Fugar.
1930 Native Court re-established at Fugar.
1930 Yam beetles invaded Avhianwu.
1930 Roman Catholic School, Ogbona opened.
1930 Mass arrest of Christians in Avhianwu for disturbing the ruling authority (Alemoh was the Clan Head then).
1931 Warrant Chief System abolished in Avhianwu and the Ukpi System of Rule re-established.
1932 Clan system of Administration was introduced in Etsako (Clan N. A.s).
1933 Roman Catholic School, Ivhiraokhor opened.
1935 May 12, Fugar Youth Movement Association (FYMA) changed its name to Fugar Progressive Union (FPU).
1936 Abolition of the 7 Districts in Kukuruku Division and Clans were established in place of Districts.
1937 Native Clan Courts established in Kukuruku Division.
1938 Anglican School opened at Fugar.
1939 World War II (known in Etsako as Hitler War) begins.
1941 Aidelebe, the Village Head of Ivhiarua, was assassinated by Osiokhamhele of Iruru.
1941 Osiokhamhele who killed Aidelebe committed suicide by hanging.
1942 Postal Agency established at Fugar.
1945 World War II ends.
1945 Fugar Native Dispensary opened.
1945 The former Kukuruku Divisional N. A. (Native Authority) was divided into 3 N. A.s with Headquarters at Auchi for Etsako N. A.; Igarra for Akoko-Edo N. A.; and Afuze for Ivhiotsakon N. A.
1945 Great famine caused by the destruction of farm crops by yam beetles in Etsako.
1946 L. A. School, Ogbona opened.
1947 St. Theresa’s Catholic School House, Fugar built.
1947 May 26, Total Eclipse of the Sun in Nigeria.
1948 First water bore-hole at Fugar sited on Obe road.
1951 Second water bore-hole at Fugar sited at Ukwewo.
1951 First Regional Election.
1954 First Federal Election in which Chief J. M. Udochi won.
1954 First District Council Election in the then Western Region of Nigeria in which Chiefs J. O. Alao. E. A. Lamai and M. C. K. Orbih were elected into the Etsako District Council.
1954 Third water bore-hole at Fugar sited at Aki-Ugba.
1954 January 7, Oba of Benin, Akenzua II, then the President General of the Benin-Delta People’s Party (BDPP), visited Fugar.
1954 Free Primary Education introduced in the then Western Region of Nigeria by Chief Obafemi Awolowo.
1954 First Federal Election; First London Conference.
1955 Holy Rosary Girls’ Primary School opened at Fugar.
1955 Etsako District Council School opened at Fugar.
1955 St Patrick’s Catholic School (Now Ebidi Primary School) opened at Fugar.
1956 Kukuruku Division formally renamed Afenmai Division.
1956 Queen Elizabeth II visited Nigeria.
1959 Federal Election in which Chief M. C. K. Orbih won.
1959 October 10, Chief Obefemi Awolowo visited Fugar in a Helicopter.
1960 Fugar and Ogbona Maternity Centres opened.
1960 October 01, Nigeria gained her Independence from Britain.
1960 Chief J. M Udochi appointed first Nigeria’s Ambassador to the United States of America.
1960 St. Andrew’s Anglican Modern School, Fugar, opened.
1961 St. Michael’s Catholic Modem School, Ogbona, opened.
1961 March 29, St. John’s Grammar School, Fugar opened.
1961 The Mennonite Church of God in Christ came to Fugar.
1962 First Enquiry was set up by the then Western Region Government into Avhianwu Chieftaincy affairs.
1962 Emergency in Western Nigeria.
1962 General Census rejected.
1963 October 1, Nigeria became a Republic.
1963 Midwest Plebiscite and the consequent creation of Midwestern Region of Nigeria.
1964 First Election to Midwest House of Assembly.
1964 Chief E. A. Lamai appointed into the Nigeria Senate (called Nigeria Upper House).
1964 Divisional Office Auchi re-opened.
1964 Caretaker Committee set up for Etsako District Council.
1964 Native Courts re-organized and called Customary Courts. Grade B Courts installed as Appeal Courts and one built at Auchi.
1966 January 15, First Military Coup in Nigeria
1966 Second Enquiry into Avhianwu Chieftaincy affairs (D. B. Partridge Commission of Enquiry).
1967 Invasion of Midwest by the secessionist forces of Biafra.
1967 Fugar pipe borne water opened.
1967 Catholic Church house Ivhiraokhor built
1968 Postal Agency Fugar opened.
1968 Fugar Roman Catholic Church House built.
1970 End of Nigeria Civil War.
1973 The Naira replaces the British Pound while the kobo replaces the penny.
1974 Auchi -Fugar-Agenegbode Road tarred.
1976 Local Government Areas (L.G. A.s) created.
1980 Fugar Girls’ Secondary School opened.
1980 Ogbona Community Secondary School opened.
1983 July 29, University of Benin Teaching Hospital Comprehensive Health Centre opened at Ogbona,
1985 September 2, an Ovhianwu, Commander Okhai Akhigbe, N.N., Sworn in as the Military Governor of Ondo State.
1986 August 26, Captain Okhai Akhigbe, N.N., Sworn in as the Military Governor of Lagos State.
1986 September 16, Fugar Electricity commissioned by the then Chief of General Staff, Commodore Ebitu Ukiwe N.N.
1986 November 22, Nazareth Hospital Fugar commissioned by the Military Governor of Bendel State, Col. John Mark lnieger, fss, psc. (Nazareth Hospital is privately owned by Mr. Anthony Opitoke).
1989 April 21, Savannah Bank Ltd. Commissioned at Fugar by then Military Governor of Bendel State, Col. J. T. Ogbeha.
1996 December 6, Etsako Central Local Government Area, with its Headquarters at Fugar, created.
1998 August, Vice Admiral Okhai Akhigbe, N.N. sworn in as the Chief of General Staff and Vice Chairman Provisional Ruling Council, Federal Republic of Nigeria
1999 May 15, General Abdusalam Abubakar, General Hospital Fugar commissioned by the Head of State and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, Federal Republic of Nigeria, General Abubakar.
1999 May 29, an Ovhianwu, Chief Mike Oghiadomhe sworn in as the Deputy Governor of Edo State.
Colonial Administrative Officers before the after the Kukuruku Division was Created in 1918
1907 A. H. Dokowzow (Ag. D. C.)
1908 A. Profit (Ag. D. C.)
1911 P. J. Gamer (Ag. D. C.)
1913 W.E. Hunt (Ag. D.C.)
1915 C. Partridge (Ag. D. C.)
1916 E. Falk (Ag. D. C.)
1918 J. C. Walker (D. 0. Kukuruku Division)
1918 – 1920 M. Dunn (D. O., K. D.)
1920 R.C. Archer (D. 0. K. D.)
1921 Major Wan (D. 0. K. D.)
1924 B. M. Karkeek (D. O., K. D.)
1929 C. C. Cooke (D. O., K. D.)
1930 A. C. Cooper (D. O., K. D.)
1934 John Blair (Ag. D. O., K. D.)
1934 Captain J. W. Joel (D. O., K. D.)
1936 H. C. B. Denton (Ag. D. O., K. D.)
1939 A. V. Scallon (D. O., K. D.)
1940 J. J. Kerry (D. 0„ K. D.)
1941 H. Spoltiswoode (D. O., K D.)
1945 A. V. Scallon (D. 0. K. D.)
1947 J. D. Hamilton (D. O., K D.)
1948 J. A. Bey (Ag. D. 0. K. D.)
1949 J. D. Logan (Ag. D. O., K. D.)
1950 Captain Pullen (Ag. D. O., K D.)
1950 R. B. Kerr (Ag. D. O., K. D.)
1952 S. J. Honry (Ag. D. O., K D.)
1953 A. B. Ingledow (Ag. Divisional Adviser Afenmai Div.)
1954 G. K. Murro (Divisional Adviser, Afenmai Division)
1956 R. J. Wells (Ag. D. A., A. D.)
1957 A. B. Ingledow (Administrative Divisional Officer)
Administrative Officers (Nigerians) Afenmai Division Before and After Independence
1957 1959 A. A. Aiyegoro (Administrative Officer)
I960 – 1962 Avan. Nomayo (A. D. 0.)
1963- 1964 J. I. Edokpa (A. D. 0.)
1964- 1963 J. 1. Obumse (A.D. 0.)
1965 – E. O. Obano (A. D. 0.)
1969 – 1970 M. 0. Ofobruku (A. D. 0.)
1970 – 1972 J. I. Osigwe (A. D. 0.)
1973- 1974 J. K. Olowojoba (A. D. 0.)
1974 1975 S. O. Aye-note
1975 – 1976 J. Y. Sule
1976 S. I. Ebomoyi
1976- 1977 J. A. Otutu
1977 R. A. Akoka
Governor-General of the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
1954 – 1955 Sir John Macpherson, G.C.M.G.
1955 – 1960 Sir James Robertson, G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O., K.B.E.
Avhianwu Titles – By Aha Idokpesi Okhaishe N’ Avhianwu
The following are the various titles and groups of title-holders in Avhianwu:
Anwu: The earthly representative of Anwu: the Great Ancestral Father and Founder of Avhianwu. The Anwu is always the oldest man in Avhianwu. On his accession to the office of Anwu, the old man becomes the Chief Priest and the visible Head of Avhianwu – the big Family. Note that the Anwu must always be a person from any of the eligible kindreds in any of the older villages. The older villages are Ivhiarua and Ivhiunone.
Unone: The earthly representative of Unone: the Ancestral Father and Founder of Ivhiunone. The Unone is always the oldest man in Ivhiunone and he must come from any of the eligible kindreds. He is the Chief Priest and visible Head of Ivhiunone. An Unone can live to become the Anwu.
Iraokhor: The earthly representative of Iraokhor: the Ancestral Father and Founder of Ivhiraokhor. The Iraokhor is always the oldest man in Ivhiraokhor and he must come from any of the eligible kindreds. He is the Chief Priest and visible Head of Ivhiraokhor. The Iraokhor is not of the same rank as Unone or Arua in that he cannot live to become the Anwu.
Imhakhena: The earthly representative of Imhakhena: the Ancestral Father and Founder of Ivhimhakhena (Ogbona). The Imhakhena is always the oldest man in Ogbona and he must come from any of the eligible kindreds. He is the Chief Priest and visible Head of Ogbona. The Imhakhena is of the same rank as Iraokhor. He does not live to become the Anwu.
Okphe-Ukpi: A Traditional Ruler or Village Head. There is one in each of the four villages: Ivhiunone, Ivhiarua, Ivhiraokhor and Ogbona (Ivhimhakhena).
Oghie: The designation of a Traditional Ruler. The equivalent of Oba, Obong, Alafin, Emir, Obi or Amayanabo.
Okphe-Ukpi N’Okua: That is, the Senior Okphe-Ukpi who is usually referred to as the Oghie of Avhianwu. He rules all Avhianwu
Egboise: The third and penultimate rung of the royal ascendancy ladder in the Avhianwu Oghiedom. The Egboise becomes the Okphe-Ukpi designate at the death of an Okphe-Ukpi.
Ogboikpise: The second rung of the royal ascendancy ladder in the Avhianwu Oghiedom. He becomes the Egboise when the time comes to move up the royal ascendancy ladder.
Utokho-Ukpi Na-Evho: The first rung of the royal ascendancy ladder in the Avhianwu Oghiedom.
Utokho-Ukpi N’ Ape: The threshold or zero rung of the royal ascendancy ladder in the Avhianwu Oghiedom.
Iduevho-Egwa: The palace attendants or Kindreds Representatives. Every kindred is always represented by two or more Iduevho (sing. Oduevho) at the Egwa-Oghie (Oghies Palace or Court). Note that Oduevho is the appropriate vernacular word for the title of a palace attendant and not Daudu-a detestable word, which has its origin in Nupe/Hausa land.
Iduevho-Ese-Usomhomhi: Sub-kindreds’ Representatives. They are so called because they are entitled to the fish atop every pot of soup (ese-usomhomhi) that accompanies any wedding meal meant for their respective sub-kindreds.
Un’Otu/er’Otu: The father of an age-group
Inworighie: The Kingmakers. These are the descendants of Olue, the son of Adaeso (Adachi). They install both Okphe-Ukpi and Un’otu/Er’otu. They do not attain to these positions themselves.
Obho: The Ancestral Makers. These are the descendants of the ancestral father and founder of Ukpudege Sub-kindred in Ivhiocha, Ivhiunone. They install one Anwu, Unone, or Arua; and deliver the puberty (manhood) initiation code of conduct at initiations. They do not attain to the positions of Unone and Anwu.
Ikemanedio: Servants of Elders. These are the descendants of Adoko, the son of Arua and the ancestral father and founder of Ivhiadoko kindred in Ivhiarua. They apportion supplies among the Elders. For this reason they hold a permanent seat in the Patriarchal Council of State or Council of Elders (The Ukhue).
Oboh: A Titled Man (member of the Agbe or Okhei Cult). A medicine man is also addressed as Oboh.
Ikhagba/Igbudu: Undertakers. As death and human corpse each by itself, are enough to strike terror, fear and horror into the heart of mortals, anyone who presents himself at will when one dies must be regarded as high-hearted and daring. This is how the members of the burial crew earn the name Ikhagba (Fugar oriented) or Igbudu (Ogbona oriented). They are found in every kindred. They minister to the needs of the bereaved at funerals. As this was considered menial there were no volunteers from the titled group of the society at the very beginning. But when this enterprise became very lucrative with remuneration galore, the titled men turned against them and decreed that an Oboh (titled man) buries an Oboh; an Agbari (non-titled man) buries an Agbari.